I had this fascination on postal stamps in my childhood, and during my summer holidays I used to collect them. It’s amazing now to browse my old stamp book and cherish the memories of every stage of my life, one page at a time. A true treasure trove of my childhood days. Every page is a story in itself.
I’m laughing and giggling to myself as I time travel with the stamps that I collected throughout my life. I have put the year and month on each page. My mind snaps back into the year the stamp was pasted on the book. The stamps are causing me to remember my primary and high-school teachers. The first page says 1997, August… I was in first standard and my mind was fully dominated by tables and marbles.
Beginning pages have turned brownish and I spotted some silverfish in some pages. I’m painstakingly restoring every page into a new, sturdy leather-bound art book.
Now to the more grown up part of stamp collection. The study of stamps and postal history is called Philately. Philately involves more than just stamp collecting, which does not necessarily involve the study of stamps. It is possible to be a philatelist without owning any stamps. For instance, the stamps being studied may be very rare, or reside only in museums.
The origins of philately lie in the observation that in a number of apparently similar stamps, closer examination may reveal differences in the printed design, paper, watermark, colour, perforations and other areas of the stamp. Comparison with the records of postal authorities may or may not show that the variations were intentional, which leads to further inquiry as to how the changes could have happened, and why. To make things more interesting, thousands of forgeries have been produced over the years, some of them very good, and only a thorough knowledge of philately gives any hope of detecting the fakes.
Traditional philately is the study of the technical aspects of stamp production and stamp identification, including:
- The stamp design process;
- The paper used (wove, laid, etc., and including watermarks);
- The method of printing (engraving, typography, etc.);
- The gum;
- The method of separation (perforation, rouletting);
- Any overprints on the stamp;
- Any security markings, underprints or perforated initials (“perfins”); and,
- The study of philatelic fakes and forgeries.
- Thematic philately, also known as topical philately, is the study of what is depicted on the stamps. There are hundreds of popular subjects, such as birds on stamps, and ships, poets, presidents, monarchs, maps, aircraft, space craft, sports and insects on stamps. Interesting aspects of topical philately include design mistakes and alterations, for instance, the recent editing out of cigarettes from the pictures used for United States stamps, and the stories of how particular images came to be used.
- Postal history studies the postal systems and how they operate and, or, the study of postage stamps and covers and associated material illustrating historical episodes of postal systems both before and after the introduction of the adhesive stamps. It includes the study of postmarks, post offices, postal authorities, postal rates and regulations and the process by which letters are moved from sender to recipient, including routes and choice of conveyance. A classic example is the Pony Express, which was the fastest way to send letters across the United States during the few months that it operated. Covers that can be proven to have been sent by the Pony Express are highly prized by collectors.
- Aerophilately is the branch of postal history that specializes in the study of airmail. Philatelists have observed the development of mail transport by air from its beginning, and all aspects of airmail services have been extensively studied and documented by specialists.
- Postal stationery includes stamped envelopes, postal cards, letter sheets, aérogrammes (air letter sheets) and wrappers, most of which have an embossed or imprinted stamp or indicia indicating the prepayment of postage.
- Cinderella philately is the study of objects that look like stamps, but are not postal stamps. Examples include Easter Seals, Christmas Seals, propaganda labels, and so forth.
- Philatelic literature documents the results of philatelic study and includes thousands of books and periodicals.
- Revenue philately is the study of stamps used to collect taxes or fees on such things as, legal documents, court fees, receipts, tobacco, alcoholic drinks, drugs and medicines, playing cards, hunting licenses and newspapers.
- Maximaphily is the study of Maximum Cards. Maximum Cards can be defined as a picture post card with postage stamp on the same theme and a cancellation, with a maximum concordance between all three.
Philately uses a number of tools, including stamp tongs (a specialized form of tweezers) to safely handle the stamps, a strong magnifying glass and a perforation gauge (odontometer) to measure the perforation gauge of the stamp.
The identification of watermarks is important and may be done with the naked eye by turning the stamp over or holding it up to the light. If this fails thenwatermark fluid may be used, which “wets” the stamp to reveal the mark.